What does a deck of cards contain?

So, you got a shining new pack of cards but not sure exactly what it contains? Let us answer this
question for you!

What is a deck ?

A deck is a set of printed cards that are 54 in number, including 2 or more jokers. The cards also
known as a French playing cards. They were first invented by the Chinese over 1000 years ago during the Tang dynasty.

The cards in a deck are made of specially prepared pasteboard, heavy paper, thin cardboard, plastic-
coated paper, cotton-paper blend, or thin plastic. The back of each card is printed with attractive
designs. The cards also have a coating of plastic to make handling easier, and tapering at corners to
avoid wear and tear.

Apart from playing card games, a deck of cards can also be used for magic tricks, building a house of
cards or simply as a collector’s item.

Suits in a deck of cards

Excluding the jokers, all the other cards of the deck are unique. Each card is a combination of a rank
and a suit. A suit is one of the 4 categories into which the deck is divided. These suits are, namely, Heart,
Diamond, Spade and Club.

Each suit has 13 cards each of different rank, including an Ace, a King, Queen and a Jack. Each of
these is depicted along with a symbol of its suit. Each suit also has the ranks two to ten, depicted by
as many symbols of the suit.

Colours in a deck of cards

A deck of cards has only two colours, according to the suit. Heart and Diamond suit cards are red,
whereas Spade and Club suit cards are black. Excluding the joker cards, there are 26 cards of red and
black colours each in a standard deck. Some decks use four different colours for each suit; black (spades), red (hearts), blue (diamonds) and
green (clubs).

Face cards in a deck of cards

Kings, queens and jacks are called Face cards or court cards as they have pictures corresponding to
these names. There are 12 Face cards in a standard deck.

Naming Convention
As per convention, the rank is mentioned first followed by the suit. For example, King of Spades.

Scoring in the game of rummy

In rummy, the scoring follows the following simple system:
● Aces are worth 10 points each
● Number Cards are worth their face value – for example a six is worth 6 points, a four is 4
points, and so on
● Face cards (K, Q, J) are worth 10 points each.
Many other popular card games follow a similar system of scoring.

We hope this information introducing you to your deck of cards was useful. In order to understand
the deck better, we suggest laying out the cards face up on a table and carefully observing the
colour, suit and rank of each card. Familiarise yourself with the deck as well as possible before you
begin your next game!